Abstract Adjuncts differ from arguments by a number of properties, in particular i) optionality and ii) their island status, which renders them opaque for extraction of subconstituents. Conjuncts, too, are optional and forbid extraction. Starting from this basic observation, I demonstrate that islandhood …

# More Output

# Adjuncts, Islands, Algebra (with a Sprinkling of Semantics)

# Feature Geometry and the Person Case Constraint: An Algebraic Link

Abstract The Person Case Constraint blocks certain combinations of clitics and weak pronouns in a variety of languages. Out of the numerous logical possibilities, only four variants of the Person Case Constraint are attested. I show that these four variants form a natural …

# Feature Geometry and the Person Case Constraint: An Algebraic Link

Abstract The Person Case Constraint blocks certain combinations of clitics and weak pronouns in a variety of languages. Out of the numerous logical possibilities, only four variants of the Person Case Constraint are attested. I show that these four variants form a natural …

# Person Case Constraints and Feature Complexity in Syntax

# Optionality Implies Islandhood

# Islands Without Islands

# The Syntactic Algebra of Adjuncts

Abstract This paper gives a theory-neutral account of the Adjunct Island Constraint. I show that the island status of adjuncts is a consequence of two properties that set them apart from arguments: optionality and independence. Adjuncts can be omitted without affecting grammaticality, and …

# The Syntactic Algebra of Adjuncts

Abstract I argue that the special behavior of adjuncts is a consequence of two properties that set them apart from arguments: optionality and independence.

**Optionality**Adjuncts can be omitted.**Independence**Independently well-formed adjuncts can be combined.

These properties yield several grammaticality inferences that …

# The Price of Freedom: Why Adjuncts Are Islands

Abstract I propose that if one takes seriously the Minimalist idea that syntax is driven by Merge and the feature calculus, the status of adjuncts as strong islands follows immediately from the properties that set them apart from arguments: optionality and iterability. This …

# Of Tops and Bottom: The Algebra of Person Case Constraints

Abstract The Person Case Constraint blocks certain combinations of clitics and weak pronouns in a variety of languages. Out of the numerous logical possibilities, only four variants of the Person Case Constraint are attested. I show that these four variants form a natural …

# An Algebraic Perspective on the Person Case Constraint

Abstract Graf (2011) and Kobele (2011) proved independently that Minimalist grammars can express all constraints that are definable in weak monadic second-order logic (MSO), i.e. the extension of first-order logic with quantification over finite sets. The proof takes as its vantage point …